The Best Way to Train Your Dog to Walk on a Leash

If you have a dog, then you know that one of the most important things you need to teach them is how to walk on a leash. Walking on a leash is not only important for your dog’s safety, but it’s also a great way to bond with your furry friend. However, not all dogs are born knowing how to walk on a leash. Some need to be trained. In this article, we’ll give you the best way to train your dog to walk on a leash.

Understanding Your Dog’s Behavior

Understanding your dog’s behavior is essential to creating a healthy and happy relationship with your furry friend. Dogs communicate in many ways, and it’s important to learn how to interpret their body language and vocalizations to understand their needs and emotions.

Body Language

Dogs communicate a lot through their body language. Here are some common body language cues to look for:

  • Tail position: A relaxed tail usually means a relaxed dog. A tail that is tucked between the legs indicates fear or anxiety, while a tail that is held high and rigid may indicate aggression or alertness.
  • Ear position: Ears that are relaxed and facing forward usually mean a relaxed and curious dog. Ears that are flattened against the head indicate fear or anxiety, while ears that are erect and facing forward indicate alertness.
  • Eye contact: Direct eye contact can be a sign of aggression, while avoiding eye contact may indicate fear or submission.
  • Body posture: A relaxed, loose body posture usually means a relaxed dog, while a stiff or rigid body posture may indicate fear or aggression.


Dogs also communicate through their vocalizations. Here are some common vocalizations to listen for:

  • Barking: Barking can mean many things, including alertness, playfulness, and aggression. Pay attention to the pitch and tone of your dog’s barks to understand what they’re trying to communicate.
  • Whining: Whining can indicate anxiety, fear, or discomfort. Pay attention to your dog’s body language and context to understand what is causing them to whine.
  • Growling: Growling is often a sign of aggression or discomfort. If your dog growls, it’s important to address the behavior and try to understand what is causing it.

Common Behaviors

Here are some common behaviors that dogs exhibit:

  • Biting and chewing: Dogs may bite and chew for a variety of reasons, including teething, anxiety, and boredom. Providing appropriate chew toys and training your dog to chew on them can help redirect this behavior.
  • Jumping: Jumping is often a sign of excitement or affection, but it can also be a sign of dominance. Training your dog to greet people calmly and politely can help prevent this behavior.
  • Digging: Dogs may dig for a variety of reasons, including boredom and instinct. Providing appropriate outlets for digging, such as a designated digging area, can help prevent destructive digging behavior.

Understanding Leash Aggression

Leash aggression is a common problem among dogs that can make walking your furry friend a challenge. It occurs when a dog becomes aggressive or reactive towards other dogs or people while on a leash. This type of aggression can be caused by a variety of factors, including fear, anxiety, territorial behavior, and frustration.

What Causes Leash Aggression?

Leash aggression can be caused by a number of factors. Some dogs may become fearful or anxious when they are on a leash because they feel trapped and unable to escape. This can cause them to become defensive and reactive towards other dogs or people.

Other dogs may become territorial while on a leash and feel the need to protect their owner or their space. This can lead to aggressive behavior towards other dogs or people who approach too closely.

Frustration is another common cause of leash aggression. Dogs that are not able to properly release their energy and play may become frustrated and act out by becoming aggressive towards other dogs or people on a leash.

How to Prevent Leash Aggression

Preventing leash aggression starts with proper training and socialization. When training your dog to walk on a leash, it’s important to use positive reinforcement and reward good behavior. Start by walking your dog in a quiet area and gradually introducing them to more stimulating environments.

Socialization is also key in preventing leash aggression. Expose your dog to different people, animals, and environments from a young age so they become comfortable and confident in new situations.

Another important aspect of preventing leash aggression is proper leash management. Keep your dog on a short leash to maintain control, and avoid walking in crowded areas where your dog may feel overwhelmed.

How to Deal with Leash Aggression

If your dog is already exhibiting leash aggression, it’s important to address the behavior as soon as possible. Consult a professional trainer or behaviorist to help you develop a plan for managing and treating the aggression.

One common technique used to treat leash aggression is desensitization and counter-conditioning. This involves gradually exposing your dog to the trigger that causes the aggression while rewarding them for calm behavior.

In some cases, medication may be necessary to treat underlying anxiety or fear that is causing the aggression.

Choosing the Right Leash and Collar

Choosing the right leash and collar is essential for training your dog to walk on a leash. Here are some factors to consider when selecting a leash and collar for your furry friend.


There are many types of collars available, each with their own pros and cons. Here are some common types of collars to consider:

  • Flat collars: Flat collars are the most common type of collar and are suitable for most dogs. They come in a variety of materials, including nylon, leather, and neoprene.
  • Martingale collars: Martingale collars are designed to prevent dogs from slipping out of their collar, making them a good choice for dogs who are prone to backing out of their collars.
  • Head collars: Head collars, also known as head halters, are designed to give owners more control over their dog’s head and mouth. They are useful for preventing pulling and jumping.
  • Choke chains: Choke chains, also known as slip collars, are designed to tighten around a dog’s neck when pulled. They can be effective for training, but they can also be dangerous if used incorrectly.


There are also many types of leashes available. Here are some common types of leashes to consider:

  • Standard leashes: Standard leashes are the most common type of leash and come in a variety of lengths and materials. They are suitable for most dogs.
  • Retractable leashes: Retractable leashes allow dogs to roam further while still being on a leash. However, they can be dangerous if not used correctly.
  • Long lines: Long lines are useful for training dogs to walk on a leash in open areas, such as parks or beaches. They are typically 30 feet or longer.
  • Chain leashes: Chain leashes are designed for strong or aggressive dogs. They are durable but can be heavy and uncomfortable for some dogs.

Choosing the Right Combination

When choosing a leash and collar for your dog, it’s important to consider their size, behavior, and training needs. Some combinations may work better than others, depending on your dog’s individual needs.

For example, a flat collar and standard leash may work well for a well-behaved and trained dog. However, a head collar and long line may be a better choice for a dog who is still learning to walk on a leash.

Step-by-Step Guide to Training Your Dog to Walk on a Leash

Now that you understand your dog’s behavior and have chosen the right leash and collar, it’s time to start training your dog to walk on a leash. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you train your furry friend.

Step 1: Introduce the Leash

The first step is to introduce your dog to the leash. Allow your dog to sniff the leash and get used to its presence. Once your dog is comfortable with the leash, attach it to their collar or harness.

Step 2: Let Your Dog Get Used to the Leash

After attaching the leash, let your dog get used to it. Allow them to walk around with the leash on, and supervise them to ensure they don’t get tangled or caught on anything.

Step 3: Start Walking

Once your dog is comfortable with the leash, it’s time to start walking. Start by walking in a quiet area with few distractions. Encourage your dog to walk by your side, and reward them with treats and praise when they do.

Step 4: Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is a great way to train your dog. Whenever your dog walks beside you or follows your lead, reward them with a treat or praise. This will help reinforce good behavior and make your dog more likely to repeat it.

Step 5: Keep Sessions Short

Training sessions should be short and frequent. Start with short walks, and gradually increase the length of the walks as your dog becomes more comfortable on the leash.

Tips for Successful Leash Training

Here are some additional tips to help you successfully train your dog to walk on a leash:

  • Use a treat pouch to keep treats handy.
  • Avoid pulling on the leash.
  • Don’t use a retractable leash.
  • Keep training sessions positive and fun.


In conclusion, training your dog to walk on a leash requires patience, consistency, and the right tools. Understanding your dog’s behavior, leash aggression, and choosing the right leash and collar are all important factors in the training process. By taking the time to train your dog properly and selecting the right equipment, you can enjoy stress-free walks with your furry friend. Remember to always use positive reinforcement, be patient with your dog, and seek professional help if necessary. With dedication and the right approach, you can successfully train your dog to walk on a leash.


How long does it take to train a dog to walk on a leash?

It depends on the dog and their behavior. Some dogs may learn quickly, while others may take longer. Consistency and patience are key when training your dog to walk on a leash.

Is it necessary to use a leash to walk your dog?

Yes, it’s important to use a leash when walking your dog to ensure their safety and the safety of others around them.

Can I train an older dog to walk on a leash?

Yes, you can train an older dog to walk on a leash. It may take more time and patience, but it’s never too late to start training your furry friend.